charles et ray eames wikipédia

Charles entered into a furniture competition—with his “best friend” Eero Saarinen—hosted by the Museum of Modern Art. Em 1930 deu início ao seu próprio gabinete de arquitectura em St. Louis, em parceria com Charles Gray. [5] The Eameses created their splints from wood veneers, which they bonded together with a resin glue and shaped into compound curves using a process involving heat and pressure. Powers of Ten (narrated by physicist Philip Morrison) gives a dramatic demonstration of orders of magnitude by visually zooming away from the earth to the edge of the universe, and then microscopically zooming into the nucleus of a carbon atom. [5] With the introduction of plywood splints, they were able to replace problematic metal traction splints that had side effects of inducing gangrene due to impairment of blood circulation. Charles e Ray Eames no Design Museum, Londres (1998), Drexler, Arthur. Ray Kaiser ja Charles Eames tutvusid 1941. aastal. Mais tarde, juntar-se-ia um terceiro sócio, Walter Pauley. Peças originais destes trabalhos podem ser vistas em várias colecções de museus. It remains a milestone of modern architecture. From their first film, the unfinished Traveling Boy (1950), to the most-recognized Powers of Ten (re-released in 1977), to their last film in 1982,[10] their cinematic work was an outlet for ideas, a vehicle for experimentation and education. Unbuilt projects include the Billy Wilder House, the prefabricated kit home known as the Kwikset House, and a national aquarium. [2], Eames lived alone in New York City until she left the Hoffman Studio to return home to care for her ailing mother. La Chaise est un objet du design industriel créé en 1948 par le couple américain Charles et Ray Eames. They learned of their love for the eucalyptus grove, the expanse of land, and the unobstructed view of the ocean. The design office of Charles and Ray Eames functioned for more than four decades (1943–1988) in the former Bay Cities Garage[2] at 901 Abbot Kinney Boulevard in Venice, Los Angeles, California. Among their most well-known designs is the Eames Lounge Chair. Unbuilt projects include the Billy Wilder House, the prefabricated kit home known as the Kwikset House, and a national aquarium. They learned of their love for the eucalyptus grove, the expanse of land, and the unobstructed view of the ocean. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1907–1978) e Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Eames (1912–1988) foram um casal de designers norte-americanos, autores de contribuições significativas e notáveis para a arquitectura e mobiliário modernos, com uma vasta obra nos campos do design gráfico e industrial, belas artes e cinema. Eero Saarinen had no part in this second draft of the Eames House; it was a full collaboration between Charles and Ray. "Eames Furniture Sourcebook" Weil am Rhein, Germany Vitra Design Museum 2017, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 00:29. Charles and Ray began creating tooling and molding plywood into chairs in the second bedroom of the apartment, eventually finding more adequate work spaces in Venice. Em 1948 e 1952, os catálogos da Herman Miller apenas mencionam Charles, mas ficou evidente que a mulher Ray, pela magnitude da sua participação e envolvimento, deveria ser considerada nos mesmos termos do marido. Their company became the Molded Plywood Products Division[12] of Evans Plywood. Também em 1941, Charles e Catarina divorciaram-se, tendo casado em seguida com a sua colega de Cranbrook Ray Kaiser, nascida em Sacramento, na Califórnia. Following a quick courtship, Eames married Charles Eames in 1941. [6], In 1933, Eames graduated from the May Friend Bennett Women's College in Millbrook, New York (where her art teacher was Lu Duble), and moved to New York City to study abstract expressionist painting with Duble's mentor, Hans Hofmann. The Herman Miller Showroom on Beverly Boulevard in Los Angeles was built in 1950 and the De Pree House was constructed in Zeeland, Michigan for the founder of Herman Miller’s son, Max De Pree, and his growing family. Esta página foi editada pela última vez às 12h27min de 19 de junho de 2019. [2] As exigências de tempo por parte deste emprego a par das aulas, levaram à privação do sono e à diminuição da sua prestação académica. Shortly after, Charles and Ray were married (June 17, 1941) in Chicago. This attribute made the difference between "good, very good, and 'Eames'." Os filmes também registam o processo de montagem das suas exposições ou a produção das suas peças de mobiliário. A convite de Eliel, Charles muda-se com a sua família em 1938 para o Michigan de modo a prosseguir os estudos de arquitectura na Academia de Arte de Cranbrook, onde mais tarde chegaria a professor e responsável pelo departamento de design industrial. The films also record the process of hanging their exhibits or producing classic furniture designs. [11] Two of her textile patterns were distinguished with awards in a textile competition organized by MoMA. Their honeymoon was a road trip in which the pair relocated permanently from the Midwest to Los Angeles. Durante o final da década de 40, cria vários padrões têxteis, dois dos quais foram produzidos pela Schiffer Prints, empresa que também produziu tecidos da autoria de Salvador Dalí e Frank Lloyd Wright. Era o sobrinho do arquitecto William S. Eames. [16], I never gave up painting, I just changed my palette. John Entenza, the owner and editor of Arts & Architecture magazine, recognized the importance of Charles and Ray’s thinking and design practices—alongside becoming a close friend of the couple. She worked with Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames, and others on the display panels for the exhibition "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" at the Museum of Modern Art.[9]. [11] The Mathematica exhibition is still considered a model for science popularization exhibitions. Separately from Charles and the Eames Office, she designed twenty-seven cover designs for the journal Arts & Architecture from 1942 to 1948. A primeira delas, Mathematica: a world of numbers...and beyond (1961), foi financiada pela IBM e é a única das suas exposições ainda existente, e considerada o modelo para exposições de divulgação científica no meio popular. [6], In 1947, Eames created several textile designs, two of which, "Crosspatch" and "Sea Things", were produced by Schiffer Prints, a company that also produced textiles by Salvador Dalí and Frank Lloyd Wright. Anything I can do, Ray can do better. Herman Miller, along with their European counterpart Vitra, remain the only licensed manufacturers of Eames furnitures and products. She authored a book featuring all Eames Office projects from 1941 until the mid-80s, although much of it was altered before publication (just after Ray's death). La Chaise rappelle la forme d'une chaise longue.. L'objet est manufacturé depuis 1991 par le fabricant suisse de meubles Vitra, qui produit également d'autres modèles du couple Eames. Original examples of Ray Eames textiles can be found in many art museum collections. Charles and Eero Saarinen were hired to design Case Study House number 8, which would be the residence of Charles and Ray, and Case Study House number 9, which would house John Entenza, in 1945. Charles Ormond Eames (1907–1978) ja Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) olid Ameerika Ühendriikide disainerid ja visionäärid.. Charles Eames asutas oma eduka arhitektuuribüroo 1930. aastal. In the 1948 and 1952 Herman Miller bound catalogs, only Charles' name is listed, but it has become clear that Ray was deeply involved and was an equal partner with her husband in many projects. He relocated to Michigan to attend the Cranbrook Academy of Art. Localizada numa coline com vista para o Pacífico e construída à mão numa questão de dias com base em peças de aço pré-fabricadas destinadas à produção industrial, permanece um marco da arquitetura moderna. The Eameses moved in on Christmas Eve and it became their only residence for the remainder of their lives. The Navy commissioned the Eameses to mass produce 150,000 units of their splint design. Eames and Saarinen considered it a failure, as the tooling for molding a chair from a single piece of wood had not yet been invented. The splint funding allowed for Charles and Ray to expand their production and experimentation of creating furniture with plywood. Charles Eames morreu de ataque cardíaco em 21 de Agosto de 1978 durante uma viagem à sua terra natal. Charles Eames and Ray Kaiser met at Cranbrook Academy of Art in 1940. It remains a milestone of modern architecture. CSH n° 9 : Charles Eames et Eero Saarinen, Entenza House, Pacific Palisades. The Herman Miller Showroom on Beverly Boulevard in Los Angeles was built in 1950 and the De Pree House was constructed in Zeeland, Michigan for Max De Pree, son of the founder of Herman Miller, and his growing family. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. /ˈiːmz/ (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) were an American married couple of industrial designers who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture through the work of the Eames Office. He constructed two churches in Arkansas and three homes in St. Louis without an architecture license. Foi seguida, entre outras, pelas exposições "A Computer Perspective: Background to the Computer Age" (1971) e "The World of Franklin and Jefferson" (1975–1977). Butler, Cornelia and Alexandra Schwartz eds. [2] Eames was known to her family as Ray Ray. Charles died on August 21, 1978 while visiting St. Louis. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr. / ˈ iː m z / (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) were an American married team of industrial designers who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture through the work of The Eames Office. The first of the Eameses’ plywood pieces was a splint made for the US Navy. John Entenza, the owner and editor of Arts & Architecture magazine, recognized the importance of Charles and Ray’s thinking and design practices—alongside becoming a close friend of the couple. They made the decision to not build the Bridge House and instead reconfigured the materials to create two separate structures nestled into the property’s hillside. Foi uma dos fundadores do grupo American Abstract Artists em 1936, tendo exibido obras na sua primeira exposição um ano mais tarde no Riverside Museum em Manhattan. She worked on graphics for advertising, magazine covers, posters, timelines, game boards, invitations and business cards. Ray asked that Lucia and the rest of the Eames family be responsible for all future decisions in regard to Eames designs, the work of the Office, and the preservation of the Eames House and meadow. [1] Among their most recognized designs is the Eames Lounge Chair and the Eames Dining Chair. The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1975), construída para a comissão de comemoração do bicentenário dos Estados Unidos. "Charles Eames Furniture from the Design Collection of Modern Art, New York". The "Powers of Ten shot" has been referenced by Hollywood as a praised filming technique. [1], Ray Eames was born in Sacramento, California to Alexander and Edna Burr Kaiser, and had an older brother named Maurice. Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames, née Kaiser (December 15, 1912 – August 21, 1988), was an American artist, designer, and filmmaker.In creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames and the Eames Office she was responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts. [13], Ray Eames died in Cedars Sinai Hospital, Los Angeles, California, on August 21st, 1988, ten years to the day after Charles. Ray Eames's early background in fashion design proved useful for this project, as the design for the splint's form resembled a clothing pattern with a system of darts to contour the plywood to the shape of a soldier's leg. Os têxteis eram desenhados sobretudo por Ray, assim como os bancos Time Life. Em 1943, 1944 e 1947, Ray Eames desenha várias capas para a publicação de referência Arts & Architecture. As with their earlier molded plywood work, the Eameses pioneered technologies, such as using fiberglass as a materials for mass-produced furniture. a German version of the Mathematica exhibition), was a consultant to IBM, published books, gave lectures, accepted awards, and administered the Eames archive and estate. [9], Ray Eames had a sense for form and color and is largely responsible for what is recognized as the Eames "look". The home (alongside other Case Study houses) would share a five-acre parcel of land in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood north of Santa Monica, which overlooked the Pacific Ocean. The first of these, Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond (1961), was sponsored by IBM, and is the only Eames exhibition still in existence. Ray stepped in to help with the graphic design for their entry. O trabalho de ambos, premiado, exibia a nova técnica de moldagem de madeira originalmente concebida por Alvar Aalto, que mais tarde Eames desenvolveria em inúmeros produtos de contraplacado moldado, incluindo, para além de cadeiras e outro mobiliário doméstico, macas para a Marinha norte-americana durante a II Guerra Mundial.[3]. In August 2005, Maharam fabrics reissued Eames designed fabrics; Sea Things (1947) pattern and Dot Pattern. One film, Blacktop, filmed soap suds and water moving over the pavement of a parking lot, a normally mundane subject turned visually poetic. Em actividade ao longo de mais de quatro décadas (1943-88) na Washington Boulevard em Venice na Clifórnia, o gabinete de Charles e Ray Eames, acolheu na sua equipa vários designers notáveis, como Henry Beer, Richard Foy, Don Albinson, Deborah Sussman, Harry Bertoia e Gregory Ain, que foi engenheiro-chefe para os Eames durante a II Guerra Mundial. This entry refers to a sample of the works done by Ray. [5], Ray Eames graduated from Sacramento High School in February 1931. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1973 (. The Eameses believed in "learning by doing"- before introducing a new idea at the Eames Office, Charles and Ray explored needs and constraints of the idea extensively. In 1979, the Royal Institute of British Architects awarded Charles and Ray with the Royal Gold Medal. Ray morreria 10 anos mais tarde. The Eames Office's productivity slowed after the death of Charles Eames in August 1978. Este texto é disponibilizado nos termos da licença. Although Charles did not concern himself with the future of their designs after their death, Ray was actively planning the continuation of the Eames legacy during the last decade of her life. The Eameses also conceived and designed a number of exhibitions. Ray Eames did not do drawings, but she documented and kept track of everything that was worked on in the Eames Office. Ray survived exactly another decade, passing away on August 21, 1988 in Santa Monica, California. The Ray Eames textiles have been re-issued by Maharam as part of their “Textiles of the Twentieth Century” collection. Charles and Ray preparing to leave Los Angeles with films for the 1959, Contemporary exhibitions and retrospectives, The original was created for a new wing of the (currently named), Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond, Molded Plastic & Fiberglass Armchair Shell, "California Dreaming: Reconsidering the work of Charles and Ray Eames", Former Eames furniture design headquarters sold in Venice, "Charles Eames (1907–1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)", "Wartime Plyformed Molded Leg Splint by Charles Eames", Home&f=false A Designer's Home of His Own, "Sea Things by Charles and Ray Eames, 1947", "The Films of Charles and Ray Eames: Box Set", "Jefferson National Memorial | Eames Office", "The Time-Life Building Lobby | Eames Office", "Awards and Honors for Charles & Ray Eames", Review: Charles and Ray Eames at Design Museum, A Virtual Encyclopedia of All Things Eames, The Library of Congress Website for The Work of Charles & Ray Eames, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Page on Charles & Ray Eames, Art Directors Club biography, portrait and images of work, "A Communications Primer"(1953) at the Internet Archive, Charles Eames talks with Studs Terkel, October 1, 1965; on WFMT, from The Chicago History Museum, at the Internet Archive, "Growing Up Eames" on Architectural Digest, "Explore the World of Design Icons Charles and Ray Eames" on Architectural Digest, "Charles and Ray Eames" by Esther Mccoy in Design Quarterly 1995, Charles and Ray Eames in India" by Saloni Marthur in Art Journal 2011, "War Furniture: Charles and Ray Eames Design for the Wounded Body" by Jason Weems in BOOM 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_and_Ray_Eames&oldid=987917107, Modernist architects from the United States, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, St. Mary's Church, Helena, Arkansas, 1934 (Charles only), St. Mary’s Catholic Church, Paragould, Arkansas, 1935 (Charles only), Meyer House, Huntleigh, Missouri, 1936-1938 (Charles only), City Hall, 1944 (unbuilt, for Architectural Forum magazine competition), Bridge House, 1945 (Charles and Eero Sarrinen, unbuilt), Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Competition, 1947 (St. Louis Gateway Arch by Eero Saarinen won the competition), Billy Wilder House, Beverly Hills, California, 1950 (unbuilt), Herman Miller Showroom, Los Angeles, California, 1950, Max and Esther De Pree House, Zeeland, Michigan, 1954, Griffith Park Railroad, Los Angeles, California, 1957, National Fisheries Center and Aquarium, Washington D.C., 1967 (unbuilt), "The Most Influential Designer of the 20th Century". Charles Eames, Jr (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) nasceu em St. Louis (Missouri).Era o sobrinho do arquitecto William S. Eames. Charles attended Washington University from 1936-1938 and was expelled from the architecture program due to his loyalty to the practices of Frank Lloyd Wright. In creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames and the Eames Office she was responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts. O casal mudou-se então para Los Angeles, local onde trabalhariam o resto da vida. Charles Eames foi bastante influenciado pelo arquitecto finlandês Eliel Saarinen, cujo filho Eero, também arquitecto, viria a ser seu sócio e amigo. Enquanto estudante na Universidade de Washington, conheceu a sua primeira mulher, Catherine Woermann, com quem casaria em 1929. Desde a sua primeira obra, o incompleto "Traveling Boy" de 1950, até ao extraordinário Powers of Ten de 1977, o seu trabalho no cinema tem sido visto como um meio de difusão para ideias e um veículo de experimentalismo e educação. Their first home, after staying in a hotel for a few weeks, was Neutra’s Strathmore Apartments in the Westwood neighborhood.

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