lavandula angustifolia cultivars

They can be lavender, or combinations of white-pink, violet-blue, and purple-blue. © United States Lavender Growers Association. They can grow in acidic to alkaline soil including sandy and chalky soils, but do not do well in fertile soils. Flowering typically occurs from late spring to midsummer. Excellent for potpourris or dried arrangements as it retains its color. The size and foliage somewhat resembles the ‘grosso’ variety, but the flowers are a dark purple, growing on flatter spikes. Lavender wands use fresh stems to weave ribbon through. The flowers are of a stunning purple color, growing on stiff straight stems. Landscaping. Utility: Ideal for short informal walkway borders or hedges as well as for containers. Trimming the plants in summer encourages lush bushier foliage. As evident from the name, it grows white flower spikes, which look stunning when planted with other darker lavender cultivars. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Looks great all year around thanks to its neat and tight bloom habit. The flower stalks are 3-5 inches long, blooming in spring to summer. French/Spanish Lavender ( Lavandula stoechas) 3. A little patience with testing varieties in the beginning will save a lot of work replacing plants later. Utility: Landscaping, dry flower production (for decoration and craft). The bronze foliage comes in nice contrast with the white flower growing on long upright stems. Extremely fragrant, Lavandula angustifolia 'Royal Velvet' is appreciated by gardeners for its rapid growth, its long lasting blooms, as well as its tolerance of wet winters. Utility: Borders and flowerbeds where its feathery flower-heads can sway in breeze; container plant; cut/dry flower. Named after the Twickel Castle (Netherlands) where the plants were first cultivated, this is a large robust variety growing bright bluish violet flowers on 7-8 inch long stems. Stiff flower spikes bloom between later spring and early summer. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Check these Great Plant Combination A compact perennial from Europe and northwestern Africa, its flowers are carmine in color with white or pinkish ears that contrast nicely with the light green foliage. Essential Oil. Utility: Excellent for drying as, like ‘royal purple’, it is good at holding its color and scent. The flowers have a stronger pungent aroma compared to most other lavenders. The blooming season is early in the spring, continuing to mid-spring or early summer. Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - sweeter, floral fragrance. Depending on the craft, do you want long stemmed, short stemmed, pale or dark flowers? Introduced in 1916 by the garden designer Gertrude Jekill, this small cultivar grows well in containers and is a great choice for hedges or knot gardens. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Counted among the largest lavender plants, it produces highly fragrant light blue flowers, blooming from mid-summer to early fall. Ideas with Lavandula - Lavenders, Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender), A Mediterranean Garden Idea with Eryngium, Helenium and Lavandula, A Low Care Border Idea for Your Rock Garden, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy, Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Strongest Scented English Lavender Varieties. The strongly fragrant stunning dark purple flower spikes are spaced out a little, giving it a fluid flowing appearance, especially in wind. Wreaths can be made from fresh or dried stems. If it tastes good to you, it will taste good in your recipe. Lavandin is a cross between L. angustifolia and L. latifolia. The flower spikes alone are about 5-10 inches long, going well when planted with pink or yellow flowers. Utility: Low hedges, and walkways, where it’s sweet fragrant can be enjoyed. long (7-10 cm), its flower spikes rise elegantly on long stems and retain their lovely and intense color, making this lavender an excellent choice for cut flowers, whether fresh or dried. Crafting. To use the website as intended please  The light purple or mauve flags create a nice contrast. Flowering season starts late in summer. Up to 3-4 in. The flowers are often the characteristic factor of these plants, helping to identify the different kinds of lavenders. Drought-tolerant and hardy to hot climates, these plants are great for attracting butterflies and bees, while they are also deer and rabbit resistance. Others might not look as spectacular, but exude a rich perfume. Some varieties are wonderful as accent plants but have little fragrance. Blooms once around the middle of summer. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Long dark blue flower spikes appear around the early or middle part of summer. How not to succumb to the urge of growing Lavender? A great pick! Currently there are over 45 different species with over 450 varieties. What variety should you plant? It is often considered to be the most cultivated lavender plant, widely used in the perfume and cosmetics industry. The dark grayish green foliage is highly aromatic. Essential Oil: Grosso (L. x intermedia) - considered the highest oil producing lavender, high camphor content. If you have a lavender plant and are not sure exactly which one it is, send us a picture so we can help. Sometimes considered less hardy than some other varieties, the fathead lavender grows dense, plump deep violet flower spikes from late spring to late summer. The flowers are lighter and less fragrant than the English variety, but they do have their own beauty and a mild yet pleasant scent. Most of the varieties come from either the English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) or the French/Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas). Fresh Cut/You Cut. Utility: mass planting, flowerbeds, container planting; dry cut flower. Blooms once in late spring or early summer. Utility: Perennial borders and small herb gardens; container planting. 1. Perfect for rock or gravel gardens, this plant combination... Not all Lavenders are created equal! For commercial production, planting several different varieties in several different locations on your property as test plots will help determine which varieties grow best for you. with Lavandula - Lavenders, Want Garden Inspiration? There are 5 primary types of lavender or Lavandula, which are then mixed and crossed together to create at least 40-50 other varieties and cultivars. The evergreen shrub flowers in summer, with the tall, upright gray-green foliage adding to its charm. Blooms once some time from late spring to late summer. Blooms twice starting in late spring or early summer. There is nothing more charming than the perfume released by Lavender (Lavandula) when brushing the flowers as you pass! Utility: Fresh cut or dried flowers (retains its scent for about 2 years); potpourri; hedges and borders. Types of Lavender Plants – Growing Conditions, Uses, Pictures. There are many other cultivars as well, created by mixing different species. It has an extended blooming season between spring and summer, lasting around 4 weeks. Accept Tolerant to hot and humid conditions, the perennial variety has low maintenance needs. Utility: Summer garden hedges, mass planting, in butterfly gardens. Lavandula angustifolia 'Folgate' (Lavender) Looks great all year around thanks to its neat and tight bloom habit. Hardy, Lavender 'Folgate' has been proven to withstand cold temperatures and comes back year after year. Native to the Mediterranean area, Lavender was already used by the Romans to perfume their baths (Lavender derives from "lavare" in Latin meaning "to be washed") and even by the Egyptians who covered their bodies with the perfume of Lavender unguents. It should be noted that the Lavandin plants (Lavandula x intermedia) are also prized for their delightful scent. The plants are quite hardy with an average growth rate, flowering around late spring to summer. Sharon Shipley introduced “The Lavender Cookbook” in 2004 and favored Provence, a lavandin, as the best culinary lavender. In Northern latitudes the two most common species are angustifolia and x intermedia (also called lavandin). The bushy plants grow 6-7 inches long flower flusters, between mid- and late-spring, having a pleasant long-lasting fragrance. Buena Vista - medium sized plant, purple flowers that blooms continuously, Folgate - medium bush with light bluish flowers, one of the first to bloom in spring. Native to the western parts of the Mediterranean, this species grows long, pale lilac flower spikes with a distinctive scent that is stronger and more pungent than the English lavender. May have a second and third flush of flowers during the season if the flowers are cut soon enough. Edelweiss - medium plant with white flowers. Another fragrant white lavender variety, it flowers from late spring to early fall, requiring little care besides full sunlight conditions. Altitude, spring rains and summer heat can affect the oil production and quality of the oil from the variety you select. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Your email address will not be published. Another dwarf variety with purplish pink inflorescence, it is ideal for small gardens, especially since it has little to no tendency to overpower other plants. Counted among the largest lavender types, ‘seal’ is also one of the most striking varieties with bright purple flowers contrasting with the dark green foliage. Utility: Mass planting, garden borders, hedges; in dry flower arrangements, wreaths and lavender wands. Utility: Mass planting, flowerbeds and container planting. Another dwarf variety, with stunning purple-lilac flowers, and lush silvery green foliage. The flower stalks alone can grow up to a foot, with the blooming season being in summer. Dozens of Lavender varieties are available and finding the... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Judyth A. McLeod, United States Lavender Growers Association (US Lavender). Utility: Mass planting and garden borders. Suitable to be grown only in large gardens as it tends to take over. height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Does well with a pruning around the end of spring, and blooms in summer. 2. Blooming twice in a year, during later spring to mid- to late summer, the sweetly fragrant flowers are of a cool bluish lavender shade, which contrast nicely with the plant’s gray-green foliage. Following is a list of suggested lavender varieties to consider: The following books are good references to add to your library for more information on lavender varieties. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Utility: Ideal for drying as it retains its color and fragrance for years; Being one of the tallest varieties, it is ideal for hedges in larger gardens. Flowers appear in summer, with the plant blooming three times a year. One of the few plants to be equally important in landscaping, cooking, herbal medicine, and in the cosmetic industry, lavender is a common choice for gardens and container planting. The plants are extremely tolerant to heat and humidity, blooming in summer. A good rule of thumb to follow is to taste the bud. Munstead - popular small plant with medium purple flowers, can bloom twice. Native to the western regions of the Mediterranean, these perennial plants grow pale lilac flowers on a long stalk, between late spring and late summer. The plants are pretty hardy, needing full sun, also able to tolerate cold, coming back every year once winter is over. A fragrant variety with characteristic purple-blue flowers rising above the gray-green foliage, with the blooming season being from late spring to summer. The flower buds look pinkish before the flowers appear. Utility: In large herb gardens, mass planting, garden hedges; cut flower arrangements. The long flower stalks bloom in late spring to late summer, and rise above the bushy semi-evergreen foliage. Note this is the default cart. More suitable for hot climates, it is known as Spanish lavender in the US and as French lavender in UK. Among these, ‘Munstead’, and ‘Hidcote’ are most prominently used. The popularity of cooking with lavender has produced many delicious recipes using lavender. The fragrant lilac fluffy flower spikes create a stunning view when contrasted with the silver-/gray-green leaves. Compact, extremely fragrant with rosy purple flowers, Lavender 'Munstead' is very attractive throughout the year. Some varieties are wonderful as accent plants, but have little fragrance. Join now and start creating your dream garden! The aromatic silvery-green foliage is similar to the English variety. Types of Lavender Plants – Growing Conditions, Uses, Pictures. The blooming time is from late spring, extending to late summer or early fall. Keep in mind that in the aromatherapy field many practitioners will only consider angustifolia as an essential oil and not lavandins. These are referred to as Lavandula x intermedia or lavandins. One of the most popular miniature types, they bloom around midsummer. May have a second and third flush of flowers during the season if the flowers are cut soon enough. The plants flower between spring and summer. Not all Lavenders are highly scented. The gray-green narrow leaves have a rich lavender-rosemary aroma. The showy evergreen plants bloom in mid to late summer. Super (L. x intermedia) - higher oil producing lavandin with an oil fragrance similar to angustifolias. Required fields are marked *, Get email updates about what's new for gardeners this season. Lavender belongs to the genus Lavandula. Utility: For flowerbeds, borders; flower stalks suitable for cutting and drying. Some varieties are easier to “de-bud” than others. A quite robust variety of French lavender from Portugal, it has been introduced to the gardening world quite recently. As suggested by the name, it produces dense snow white fragrant flower spikes that create an attractive contrast with the silver-green foliage. Blooms twice starting in late spring or early summer. A rose-pink variety of lavender with frothy flower spikes, it is often planted in gardens and flowerbeds along with roses and peonies. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Lavandula angustifolia 'Folgate' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead' (Lavender), Lavandula angustifolia 'Royal Velvet' (Lavender), How to preserve the Fragrance of your Lavender, A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Harlow Carr' & Lavender 'Hidcote', A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Bonica' and Lavender 'Hidcote', A Fragrant Summer Border with Roses, Lavender, Pinks and Sea Holly, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, Great Plant Combination Ideas Ellen Spector Platt, Lavender, Sweet Lavender. First time visitors to a lavender farm frequently exclaim, “I thought it was just a purple bush!” Even enthusiasts are amazed to find out how many varieties exist. One of the most compact varieties, ‘Thumbelina Leigh’ grows dark bluish-lavender plump flower spikes with a strong and pleasant scent. Utility: Tall hedges; fresh-cut and dried flowers; grade 2 oil production, One of the newer introductions, this variety is fast growing in popularity for its exceptional drought-, heat-, humidity-, and even cold-tolerance, making it quite easy to take care of. Blooming in summer, the flowers have a wonderful strong fragrance; the bushy plants tend to get unruly without proper pruning. To assist you in selecting the right plant, we have prepared this guide, which we hope will be helpful to you. Which variety to plant would be determined by space available and the size of the plant at maturity. There are over 450 Lavender varieties and finding the most fragrant Lavender plant is not always an easy task. Utility: Mass planting; perennial hedges, and borders in medium gardens. The flowers bloom in late spring, with the blooming season continuing throughout summer, and into fall. Being draught tolerant, lavender can thrive in areas where other plants won’t even grow. Light blue to purple beautifully fragrant flowers are spaced away from each other, with individual flowers being rather large. Utility: Summer garden borders and hedges; cut and dried flowers. Royal Velvet - medium plant with dark purple flowers, Provence - large plant with pale purple flowers, Provence (L. x intermedia) - pale buds, some camphor scent, easy to take off stem, Grosso (L. x intermedia) - medium purple buds, strong camphor scent, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - dark purple bud with sweet scent, Buena Vista (L. angustifolia)  - purple buds with nice lavender scent, Provence (L. x intermedia) - use for meats and savories, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - great flavor and nice dark purple bud, very nice in desserts, Betty’s Blue (L. angustifolia) - nice gentle lavender flavor and dark bud, Melissa (L. angustifolia) - wonderful flavor in desserts and teas, Grosso - nice long stems for lavender wands, Folgate (L. angustifolia)  - early blooming, dries dark blue/purple, great for wreaths, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - dries dark purple, great for wreaths, Buena Vista (L. angustifolia) - dries dark purple, great for wreaths, Most angustifolias bloom earlier than lavandins, Buena Vista – blooms several times during the season, Grosso (L. x intermedia) - considered the highest oil producing lavender, high camphor content, Royal Velvet (L. angustifolia) - sweeter, floral fragrance, Super (L. x intermedia) - higher oil producing lavandin with an oil fragrance similar to angustifolias, Maillette (L. angustifolia)  - considered the oil standard in France, one of the best angustifolia, The Lavender Lover’s Handbook. Highly popular, English Lavender 'Hidcote' is a free flowering variety that is prized by most gardeners for its long lasting and delightful scent as well as the fashion in which its dark purple flower spikes beautifully contrast with its blue-green evergreen foliage. Despite its name, the English lavender (common or true lavender) originated in the Mediterranean area. Some produce less oil, but have a softer, sweeter scent. English Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia) Despite its name, the English lavender (common or true lavender) originated in the Mediterranean area. A rather showy dwarf variety with dark purple to navy blue wonderfully fragrant flowers that grow 3-4 inches long spikes. Utility: Ground cover, hedges; fragrant fresh and dried flower arrangements and crafts. True to the name, the flower stalks grow around a foot long. Pretty easy to grow and take care of, all varieties and cultivars are quite hardy, drought- and heat tolerant. Utility: Small plants suitable for small gardens, both for flowerbeds and borders; dry flower. This Lavender type is great for formal or informal edging along walkways, raised wall beds, rock gardens, herb gardens and in mass plantings. The bright bluish-purple long flower stalks bloom in spring and summer, Utility: Borders, hedges; dry flowers; potpourri. Sarah Berringer Bader, Lavender, The grower’s guide. You may want to research what species and varieties are in demand before planting for essential oil production. Utility: Borders around walkways and garden walls, flowerbeds, and mass planting. Another variety with a delicate sweet smell, these plants are also rather hardy. Virginia McNaughton, The Genus Lavandula. Also known as fringed lavender, this drought-tolerant, deer-resistant species grows almost throughout the year, and needs little maintenance. Utility: Mass planting, evergreen garden borders and hedges. There are over 450 Lavender varieties and finding the most fragrant Lavender plant is not always an easy task. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. The following cultivars of L. angustifolia and its hybrids have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:- Buds are used in recipes, whole or ground, flavoring sugar, oils, butter, honey, or lavender extract. Generally speaking, lavandins have longer stems and the bloom time is later than that of L. angustifolia. Excellent for crafts and dried flowers as it retains its color. Many times, the more people you ask, the more confused you have become. Utility: Tall aromatic hedges; fresh cut flowers and dry flower arrangements. Utility: Colorful borders, flowerbeds, and hedges. Your email address will not be published. Utility: Mass planting, herb gardens, hedge in smaller gardens; excellent for essential oil. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. The rich, velvety dark navy blue flowers of English Lavender 'Royal Velvet' are truly eye-catching. Utility: Borders, and hedges (creates a nice free-flowing look in the summer breeze). Cultivars of this species tend to be compact in habit and have grayish green narrow leaves and relatively short compact flower spikes. To enjoy the delightful fragrance of your Lavender, long after its blossoms have faded, follow these easy steps. More lavender species/varieties have yet to be classified. Extended, looming season starts in spring, continuing through summer to fall. Compact bush with narrow leaves and very fragrant, iridescent violet blooms. If you are inviting people to your farm to cut their own fresh lavender, you might consider the blooming time of different varieties. The deep purple flower stalks are considered to be the darkest variety by many gardeners, while the flags are of a soothing purple-violet shade; the dark green foliage is highly aromatic. The evergreen plants flower between mid-late spring and late summer. Utility: Walkway and garden hedges; potpourri and extraction of essential oil. has been written based on numerous outside resources. Others might not look as spectacular but exude a rich perfume. Thumbelina Leigh - small, compact, dark violet flowers, good for containers. Tim Upson & Susyn Andrews, Lavender, how to grow and use the fragrant herb. The flower clusters grow in long upright stems, around the middle or later part of summer. First ask: What is the purpose of your lavender? Has a rather long blooming season from late spring continuing through summer. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that With the many different varieties of pink, white and every shade of purple they can enhance your color scheme. It is an evergreen French lavender hybrid with light blue to purple flowers and stunning silver-green foliage that retains its color through winter. Producing rather unique pink flowers with a strong scent, this variety blooms around late spring to early summer. Not all Lavenders are highly scented. One of the first lavenders to bloom, it blooms once in mid to late spring (early to mid May). One of the dwarf varieties of English lavender, it grows dark purple-blue flowers with strong fragrance. Varieties produce different quantities of oil. Hidcote - small with dark bluish purple flowers. It is often regarded as one of the best quality oil producer, though the amount of oil extracted is less than other varieties. Thick gray-green (summer) to silver-green (winter) foliage. Utility: fresh cut and dried flowers, homemade potpourri. Since then, angustifolias have taken the top spot for culinary lavenders. Often considered the best-smelling type, English lavender and its varieties are the most common choices for rustic flower centerpieces and wedding bouquets. A frost-tolerant variety originally from New Zealand, the evergreen shrub grows upright with aromatic silvery-green foliage, producing unique purple-pink flowers that develop as white bracts, changing color as they mature. Utility: Hedges and borders in medium gardens. Most varieties will produce buds that can be harvested for sachets or products using buds, but some will have a stronger fragrance and have a darker colored bud. Leaves and flowers produce a nice aroma when brushed against. Even varieties that are not rated for your growing zone can be used, but just consider them as annuals to be replaced every year. Utility: Though non-fragrant, the pretty flowers and bushy foliage makes it suitable for flowerbeds. Commercially grown mainly in Provence, France, this variety grows long purple-mauve flower stalks having an intoxicating scent. Among the most fragrant Lavenders are several cultivars of English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia). Utility: Evergreen garden borders and rock gardens; excellent as container plant. Most Fragrant Lavandula Angustifolia - English Lavender. The description of these plants Produces sweetly fragrant violet-blue flower spikes around early or mid-summer, this variety needs a yearly pruning, proper air circulation and full sun to perform at its best. Lavenders blooming twice are known to have a full second flush of blooms after the flowers of the first bloom have been harvested. The classic English lavender is the most popular type of culinary lavender, with all its cultivars being suitable for edible uses. Being from the Mediterranean regions, they all need poor to medium soil with excellent drainage along with full sunlight.

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