puma animal bébé

Et d’autres exclusivités. Pour les Incas, lors des éclipses de Soleil, Inti, dieu du soleil, était dévoré par un monstre céleste assimilé à un puma[67]. En 2005, le ministère de la faune et des parcs du Québec a officiellement confirmé la présence du puma dans trois régions du Québec : la Capitale-Nationale (Québec), la Gaspésie et le Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean. Ou sur Tipeee ici : Ma page Tipeee. RS-Dreamer Super Mario 64™ Toddler Basketball Shoes, Time4Change Basket Canvas Winter Toddler Shoes, Future Rider City Attack AC Toddler Shoes. It is an adaptable, generalist species, occurring in most American habitat types. If a home range can be established, the cat can be expected to live another 7–11 years. [35] The largest recorded cougar, shot in 1901, weighed 105.2 kg (232 lb); claims of 125.2 kg (276 lb) and 118 kg (260 lb) have been reported, though they were most likely exaggerated. Although photographs and videos of cute domesticated cats are frequent subjects of Internet searches and social media posts, how much do you really know about the larger members of the cat family? [67] The Bay Area Puma Project aims to obtain information on cougar populations in the San Francisco Bay area and the animals' interactions with habitat, prey, humans, and residential communities. For other uses, see, Large species of the family Felidae native to the Americas. In this instance, however, Moreno had been wearing a guanaco-hide poncho round his neck and head as protection against the cold;[144] in Patagonia the guanaco is the puma's chief prey animal. [135] Exaggerating the threat to the animal through intense eye contact, loud shouting, and any other action to appear larger and more menacing, may make the animal retreat. Les cas d'albinisme sont rares mais les cas de mélanisme sont fréquents[3]. Several sports teams currently or in the past have used the cougar as the mascot /nickname for their team, although the name actually used has depended on the most popular regional name for the species. Neck, head, and spinal injuries are common and sometimes fatal. Pumas living near the Equator are generally smaller than those living farther north and south. Since 1970 control efforts in the United States and Canada have focused on known livestock killers, and most states and provinces now manage populations for sustained sport hunting. Intensive hunting following European colonization of the Americas, and the ongoing human development into cougar habitat, has caused the cougar populations to drop in most parts of its historical range. Ainsi que mon projet de création d’Application photos wallpapers et fonds d’écran pour Téléphone, sur Androïd et iOS. Certains auteurs ont même avancé jusqu’à 35 sous-espèces différentes[55]. [106] Copulation is brief but frequent. [129][25], When cougars do attack, they usually employ their characteristic neck bite, attempting to position their teeth between the vertebrae and into the spinal cord. The cougar is capable of breaking the neck of some of its smaller prey with a strong bite and momentum bearing the animal to the ground. The lineages subsequently diverged in that order. Puma, (Puma concolor), also called mountain lion, cougar, panther (eastern U.S.), or catamount (archaic), large brownish New World cat comparable in size to the jaguar—the only other large cat of the Western Hemisphere. En français, il existe également de nombreux termes synonymes tels que « tigre rouge », « tigre poltron », « lion d'Amérique », « lion du Chili », « lion des Péruviens »[64]. The Chicago Cougars of the World Hockey Association operated from 1972 to 1975 while the now-Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League were called the Cougars from their inaugural season in 1926 until 1930. Vous pouvez me faire une petite donation par Paypal ou par carte, en cliquant sur le bouton “Faire un don”, ci-dessous. [121] In March 2011, the USFWS declared the Eastern cougar extinct. Les auteurs supposent que les femelles doivent dépenser beaucoup plus d'énergie pour à la fois rester discrètes et chasser pour leur progéniture quand elles vivent à proximité de l'homme, et que ceci se paye en termes de « chance de reproduction » (Ainsi, l'une des femelles suivies a perdu trois de ses portées en trois ans, et c'est celle qui vivait dans l'habitat le plus anthropisé[42]). The birth site, usually in nearly impenetrable vegetation, is kept free of feces and prey remains. La maturité sexuelle est atteinte pour les deux sexes dès l'âge de deux ans, parfois dès vingt mois[15]. The Moche people represented the puma often in their ceramics. Lorsque Christophe Colomb découvrit le puma, il crut que c'était un lion : les Américains l'appellent encore mountain lion, « lion des montagnes ». In a 2013 study the most important predictor of puma problems were remedial hunting of puma the previous year. Ces parents : deux pumas eux aussi présents au Parc zoologique, et ce depuis quelques années. Le félin est discret, il ne chasse qu'à la tombée de la nuit ou au lever du jour : c'est pourquoi il a été aussi surnommé le « chat fantôme » (ghost cat en anglais). Le 2 mars 2011, le puma de l'est américain a été officiellement déclaré espèce éteinte au États-Unis. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Channeling iconic 80s design and contemporary athleisure vibes, PUMA toddler boys’ shoes are … [110] Research has shown cougar abundances from 0.5 animals to as much as 7 (in one study in South America) per 100 km2 (38 sq mi). Le sex-ratio adulte est généralement de deux femelles pour un mâle. ", Il est d'ores et déjà possible de rendre visite au bébé puma, bien que le zoo ait installé "une barrière", afin d'éviter "les attroupements contre la vitre et pour donner un peu de tranquillité à Maeli.". En 1965, lors d'un match Afrique du Sud-Argentine, un journaliste sud-africain a confondu le jaguar ornant le maillot argentin avec le puma, son cousin vivant dans la Pampa. An aggressive human response can avert an impending attack and can repel an attack in progress. [24], The head of the cat is round and the ears are erect. PUMA toddler boys’ sneakers are designed with form and functionality in mind. Until 1995 pumas were classified in the genus Felis, which formerly included many much-smaller and less-vocal cats but not the jaguar (Panthera onca). The interval between births is about two years, but it is less if a litter dies or disperses early. Le 2 mars 2011, le puma de l'est américain est officiellement annoncé par l'USFWS comme étant éteint aux États-Unis[28], mais peut-être était-ce déjà le cas depuis les années 1930. In North America each puma kills about 48 ungulates per year and a larger number of smaller prey, including rabbits and hares, coyotes, bobcats, porcupines, beavers, opossums, raccoons, skunks, and other pumas. Easy, slip-on designs ensure that nothing gets in the way of their get up and go, or keeps them from exploring new territories. P. concolor is the only species of the genus Puma. Where a juvenile fails to leave his maternal range, for example, he may be killed by his father. [147], Fatal attacks by other carnivores such as feral dogs can be misattributed to pumas without appropriate forensic knowledge. ", "Observatory: When Mountain Lions Hunt, They Prey on the Weak", "British Columbia cougars found to prey on seals, sea lions", "Jaguar interactions with pumas and prey at the northern edge of jaguars' range", "Tracking Penguins in Patagonia's Monte León National Park", 10.1894/0038-4909(2005)050[0466:SBIP]2.0.CO;2, "A technique for non-invasively detecting stress response in cougars", 10.2193/0091-7648(2004)032[0711:ATFNDS]2.0.CO;2, "Cameras Reveal the Secret Lives of a Mountain Lion Family – Sharon Negri (2013)", "Epidemiology, Genetic Diversity, and Evolution of Endemic Feline Immunodeficiency Virus in a Population of Wild Cougars", "Adaptive social strategies in a solitary carnivore", "Behavior of cougar in Iowa and the Midwest", "Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Pumas live in a variety of habitats, including desert scrub, chaparral, swamps, and forests, but they avoid agricultural areas, flatlands, and other habitats lacking cover (vegetative or topographic). Wolves and bears occasionally kill pumas and sometimes commandeer the carcasses of prey killed by them. La Panthère de Floride est une population de puma qui était une sous-espèce selon l'ancienne classification (Puma concolor coryi). Les pumas sont très discrets, n'attaquent que très rarement l'homme et dépensent beaucoup d'énergie pour le fuir[42]. La gestation d'un puma est d'une durée de trois mois seulement, et celui-ci atteint une taille pouvant aller de 50 à 80cm une fois arrivé à l'âge adulte, explique le Parc zoologique. It is native to the Americas. Cubs are reared without assistance from adult males, which occasionally kill cubs that are not their own offspring. Bien qu'en forte augmentation sur la période étudiée, les tentatives de prédation reçoivent une couverture médiatique importante en comparaison d'autres prédateurs statistiquement plus dangereux pour l'homme, comme les chiens[43]. [112] Estimates of territory sizes for cougars vary greatly. Le puma occupe une grande variété d'habitat[26]. Ils tuent leur proie en mordant la base du crâne, brisant le cou de leur victime. The cougar (Puma concolor) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae.It is native to the Americas.Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the most widespread of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere.It is an adaptable, generalist species, occurring in most American habitat types. The specific name concolor (“of one colour”) refers to the puma’s fur, which is uniformly brown on the back, sides, limbs, and tail. Les pumas tentent de reconquérir l'Est du pays, suivant les criques et les cours d'eau, ils ont à présent atteint les États du Missouri et du Michigan. Sans doute en raison d'une pression plus forte sur leurs territoires, le phénomène semble s'intensifier avec 53 attaques dans les années 1980 dont neuf mortelles en Amérique du Nord[8]. Sa taille varie de 60 à 76 cm au garrot[6],[3]. Press Esc to cancel. [90], As with any predator at or near the top of its food chain, the cougar impacts the population of prey species. One study found that grizzlies and American black bears visited 24% of cougar kills in Yellowstone and Glacier National Parks, usurping 10% of carcasses. It lacks any obvious modifications and is abandoned when the cubs are about 40–70 days old. Le revers de l'oreille est noir. C'est un animal qui nage bien mais il ne le fait qu'en cas de menace. [1] While specific state and provincial statistics are often available in North America, much less is known about the cat in its southern range. The larger front feet and claws are adaptations to clutching prey. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [35] Its most important prey species are various deer species, particularly in North America; mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, and even bull moose are taken. [109], Young adults leave their mother to attempt to establish their own territories at around two years of age and sometimes earlier; males tend to leave sooner. Entre 1890 et 1990, 53 attaques de pumas, dont 10 morts ont été répertoriées aux États-Unis et au Canada. [51] The only unequivocally known eastern population is the critically endangered Florida panther. Cependant, il existe assez peu de fossiles de félins, et la phylogénie moderne s'appuie essentiellement sur les analyses génétiques (Cf. There have sometimes been incidents of pet cougars mauling people. Le puma se rencontre jusqu'à 5 800 mètres d'altitude[26]. [62], In Tennessee, no confirmed sightings had been made since the early 1900s. Le nom du lac Titicaca signifie le « lac des pumas de pierre ». [100] Other listed prey species of the cougar include mice, porcupines, beavers, raccoons, hares, guanaco, peccary, vicuna, rhea, and wild turkey. [30] Despite anecdotes to the contrary, all-black coloring (melanism) has never been documented in cougars. Comme tous les prédateurs, ils changent de proies selon l'abondance de ces dernières. Le jeune reste dans un rayon de 300 m à proximité durant 13 à 19 jours et explore ensuite son nouvel environnement dans la direction opposée à celle prise par la mère. include the cheetah, puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, tiger, and domestic cat. Culver et al. The animal is believed to have originated from the Black Hills of South Dakota. The shade of brown varies geographically and seasonally from gray to reddish brown, and some black pumas have been reported; facial colour patterns are also variable. For example, a study in British Columbia observed that the population of mule deer, a favored cougar prey, was declining while the population of the less frequently preyed-upon white-tailed deer was increasing. Scan your QR code to add products to your cart. It was placed in the genus Puma by William Jardine in 1834. As they grow, they begin to go out on forays with their mother, first visiting kill sites, and after six months beginning to hunt small prey on their own. In the latest genomic study of the Felidae, the common ancestor of today's Leopardus, Lynx, Puma, Prionailurus, and Felis lineages migrated across the Bering land bridge into the Americas 8.0 to 8.5 million years ago (Mya). L'espèce se trouvait autrefois dans presque toute l'Amérique du Nord, sur le territoire des cerfs, sa source de nourriture principale. La compétition interspécifique avec le jaguar dans les zones tropicales est un facteur probable de ces différences[23],[Note 1]. The underside is lighter. The coat is variously described as sandy, tawny or greyish with brown, chestnut or "faded" rosettes. L’ancêtre commun des lignées Leopardus, Lynx, Puma, Prionailurus et Felis aurait traversé la Béringie et colonisé l’Amérique du Nord il y a environ 8 à 8,5 millions d’années. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Of the large predators in Yellowstone National Park – the grizzly bear, the black bear, the gray wolf, and the cougar – the massive grizzly bear appears dominant, often (but not always) able to drive a gray wolf pack, a black bear, and a cougar off their kills. All orders placed on us.puma.com that ship within the 50 U.S. states are eligible for free standard shipping when you spend $35 or more (pre-tax). ", "Fractured Genetic Connectivity Threatens a Southern California Puma (Puma concolor) Population", "Assessment and Update Status Report on the Grizzly Bear (, "Nowhere to hide: pumas, black bears, and competition refuges", "In Yellowstone, it's Carnivore Competition", "Mountain lions kill collared wolves in Bitterroot", "This lion doesn't run, instead kills, eats wolf", "Winter Predation and Interactions of Wolves and Cougars on Panther Creek in Central Idaho", "Winter Predation and Interactions of Cougars and Wolves in the Central Idaho Wilderness", "Cougars vs. coyotes photos draw Internet crowd", "Pythons Eating Through Everglades Mammals at "Astonishing" Rate?Pythons Eating Through Everglades Mammals at "Astonishing" Rate? [98], In Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, scat samples showed raccoons to make up 28% of the cougar's diet, harbor seals and blacktail deer 24% each, North American river otters 10%, California sea lion 7%, and American mink 4%; the remaining 3% were unidentified. [36] On average, adult male cougars in British Columbia weigh 56.7 kg (125 lb) and adult females 45.4 kg (100 lb), though several male cougars in British Columbia weighed between 86.4 and 95.5 kg (190 and 211 lb). [105] Other research suggests a much smaller lower limit of 25 km2 (10 sq mi), but an even greater upper limit of 1300 km2 (500 sq mi) for males. Since 1950 pumas have been eliminated from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Difficile à observer, il ressemble à un léopard sans taches, ce qui explique que, par abus de langage, on le désigne parfois également sous le terme de « panthère ». The Detroit Cougars were actually related to the Victoria Cougars of the Western Hockey League, which had won the Stanley Cup in 1925, in that when the Victoria Cougars, which had operated as the Aristocrats from 1918 to 1922 and as the Cougars from 1922 to 1926, disbanded in 1926, the owners of the newly formed Detroit club purchased the rights to many of the players of the Victoria club and retained the Cougar nickname. Many high schools also use the cougar as their sports team mascot. La dispersion se fait au moment de l'abandon des petits par la mère en bordure de son domaine vital. Cependant, vous pouvez partager et télécharger les Wallpapers, fonds d’écran du blog que vous aimez, pour habiller vos écrans d’ordinateur (et smartphone) Les photos sont libres de droits. Due to its wide range, it has many names including puma, mountain lion, panther, painter and catamount. D'autres peuples le chassaient pour s'en nourrir ou pour sa peau. Le puma est l'animal terrestre qui occupe l'aire la plus étendue du Nouveau Monde, couvrant près de 110 degrés de latitude. FREE STANDARD SHIPPING ON ORDERS OVER $35 + FREE RETURNS. Le puma est classé en annexe II de la CITES, c'est-à-dire en espèce vulnérable. YOU MAY EXPERIENCE LONGER THAN EXPECTED DELIVERY TIMES. Like other cats, it is an obligate carnivore, meaning it must feed on meat to survive. Saisissez votre adresse e-mail pour vous abonner à ce blog et recevoir une notification de chaque nouvel article par e-mail. Competition with the larger jaguar in South America has been suggested for the decline in the size of prey items. Afin d'assurer la sécurité et la qualité de ce site, nous vous demandons de vous identifier pour laisser vos commentaires. Le nom du lac Érié dérive de cette appellation[63]. Il a été beaucoup chassé aux XIXe et XXe siècles : on recensait en moyenne 350 pumas tués par an en Colombie-Britannique entre 1910 et 1957[17]. Feline immunodeficiency virus, an endemic HIV-like virus in cats, is well-adapted to the cougar. [35], In Patagonia's Monte León National Park, the local cougar population has specialized on hunting penguins. Males may scrape together a small pile of leaves and grasses and then urinate on it as a way of marking territory. Le pelage du puma est uniforme (concolor signifie « d'une seule couleur »), même si l'on devine parfois des rayures sur ses membres antérieurs[1]. Les mâles adultes occupent un territoire moyen de 250 km2 environ (de 100 à 1 000 km2)[14], qui est marqué par leur urine, leurs déjections ou des traces de leurs griffes sur les troncs, accompagnées d'un marquage odorant ; comme les autres félins, le puma possède des glandes sudoripares au niveau des pelotes digitales et plantaires. La mortalité naturelle des adultes est inférieure à 5 %[15]. Pumas live at low density (one to five per 100 square km) and thus, in order to survive, require large areas with sufficient prey and cover from which to ambush it. The Carolina Panthers of the National Football League have a black cat on their uniforms as opposed to a brownish- or tawny-coloured cat so it is most often presumed to represent a black panther, the black melanistic phase of either the jaguar, which actually only lived in the far southwestern United States not the southeastern United States where Carolina is located, or the leopard of Africa and Asia. Les populations nord-américaines se seraient étendues au reste de l'Amérique vers 8 000 avant le présent[48]. "[83], Both species are capable of killing mid-sized predators, such as bobcats, Canada lynx, wolverines and coyotes, and tend to suppress their numbers. Inscrit à l'annexe ll de la Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faunes sauvages, il peut donc être commercialisé avec un permis. Le puma fait partie des félins pouvant attaquer l'être humain. Les deux tiers des attaques portaient sur des enfants jusqu'à neuf ans et tous les décès sont survenus sur des jeunes de moins de treize ans. One study has shown high mortality amongst cougars that travel farthest from the maternal range, often due to conflicts with other cougars (intraspecific competition). Litter size is between one and six cubs; typically two. One report describes a large pack of 7 to 11 wolves killing a female cougar and her kittens,[75] while in nearby Sun Valley, Idaho, a 2-year-old male cougar was found dead, apparently killed by wolf pack. [19] Most sports team named the "Wildcats" use a logo similar to a bobcat, or in some cases in Canada, a lynx, names which are often used for sports teams in their own right. Les petits restent avec leur mère jusqu'à leur deuxième année[18],[15]. Ils traquent leur proie et l'approchent par derrière. [37], Depending on the locality, cougars can be smaller or bigger than jaguars, but are less muscular and not as powerfully built so their weight is on average less. Les pumas étaient vus comme les représentants des dieux de la montagne. The Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League use the name/image of the southeastern United States cougar subspecies, the Florida panther (the state animal), as its mascot. [35] Cougars appear better than jaguars at exploiting a broader prey niche and smaller prey. In professional hockey, the cougar was used by two mid-western teams and one northwestern team. Le parc zoologique de Paris a accueilli un nouvel animal. [89] The jaguar tends to take the larger prey where ranges overlap, reducing both the cougar's potential size and the likelihood of direct competition between the two cats. pense que les populations nord-américaines de Puma concolor ont été extirpées durant les extinctions du Pléistocène il y a environ 10 000 ans (Holocène) puis que les populations sud-américaines ont par la suite repeuplé le Nord de l’Amérique[53]. Pendant la saison de l'accouplement, les pumas émettent des sortes de miaulements (ou feulements) puissants[14],[6]. [5][6][7], "Puma" is the common name used in Latin America and most parts of Europe. [84] Although cougars can kill coyotes, the latter have been documented attempting to prey on cougar cubs. Highways are a major barrier for dispersal of cougars. In general, cougars are subordinate to black bears when it comes to kills and when bears are most active, the cats take prey more frequently and spend less time feeding on each kill. [93][94], In the southern part of South America, the cougar is a top level predator that has controlled the population of guanaco and other species since prehistoric times. [64], The cougar's total breeding population is estimated at less than 50,000 by the IUCN, with a declining trend. Le projet d'observation a ensuite été arrêté puisqu'il ne visait qu'à confirmer la présence. Les pumas sont carnivores, ils attaquent en général les grands mammifères comme les cerfs ou les élans mais aussi des animaux plus petits si nécessaire, jusqu'à pêcher ou se nourrir d'insectes[17] ou de lézards[9]. There are no jaguars in the area; other felids were too small to kill humans. It stalks through brush and trees, across ledges, or other covered spots, before delivering a powerful leap onto the back of its prey and a suffocating neck bite. A pumapard is a hybrid animal resulting from a union between a puma and a leopard. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Connectez-vous [149][150] In Nevada in 1992, cougars were confirmed to have killed nine calves, one horse, four foals, five goats, 318 sheep, and 400 lambs. Cette observation montre que le jaguar est relativement tolérant envers les autres prédateurs qui visitent les charognes qu'il a tuées[24]. [76] Conversely, one-to-one confrontations tend to be dominated by the cat, and there are various documented accounts where wolves have been ambushed and killed,[77][78][79][80] including adult male specimens. Le jaguar (Panthera onca) partage son aire de répartition Nord avec l'aire Sud du puma. Preliminary research in Yellowstone, for instance, has shown displacement of the cougar by wolves. [132], Within North America, the distribution of attacks is not uniform. [33] Newborn cougars have spots that fade and eventually disappear by the age of 2 1/2 years. L'oestrus dure huit à quatorze jours[15]. [104] Kitten survival rates are just over one per litter. Only the Florida panther showed variation, often preferring feral hogs and armadillos. Fatal attacks on humans are rare, but have recently been increasing in North America, as more people enter cougar territories, and build developments such as farms in their established territory. Jusqu’à la fin des années 1990, de 30[3],[Note 3] à 32[53],[7] sous-espèces différentes ont été validées. Le dessous du corps est plus clair, allant de la couleur crème au blanc[2]. [115], The cougar is threatened by habitat loss, habitat fragmentation, and depletion of its prey base due to poaching. Oregon's first fatal cougar attack in the wild claims hiker near Mount Hood, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cougar&oldid=989245617, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Extant Middle Pleistocene first appearances, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cougar range (without recent confirmations across northern Canadian states and Alaska), This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 21:46. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. [103], Females reach sexual maturity between one-and-a-half to three years of age. [130] Attacks on people, livestock, and pets may occur when a puma habituates to humans or is in a condition of severe starvation. Those reported grew to only half the size of the parents. [73][74], The gray wolf and the cougar compete more directly for prey, mostly in winter. Tous les Artistes et les photographes que je représente et fais découvrir sur mon blog, sont protégés sous copyright © pour le respect des droits d’auteur. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [40] Compared to "big cats", cougars are often silent with minimal communication through vocalizations outside of the mother-offspring relationship. [81] Wolves more broadly affect cougar population dynamics and distribution by dominating territory and prey opportunities, and disrupting the feline's behavior. Its range spans from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes in South America, and is the most widespread of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. [48] DNA evidence has suggested its presence in eastern North America,[49] while a consolidated map of cougar sightings shows numerous reports from the mid-western Great Plains through to eastern Canada. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. [131] Preceding attacks on humans, cougars display aberrant behavior, such as activity during daylight hours, a lack of fear of humans, and stalking humans. [45], The cougar has large paws and proportionally the largest hind legs in Felidae,[33] allowing for its great leaping and short-sprint ability. Il était autrefois présent dans les forêts du Grand Nord mais il a disparu à la suite de l'extinction des grands ongulés dans cette région[3]. Ranges of females may overlap slightly with each other. [50] The Quebec wildlife services also considers cougars to be present in the province as a threatened species after multiple DNA tests confirmed cougar hair in lynx mating sites. Après y avoir été exterminé par la chasse et la destruction de vastes superficies d'habitats naturels, le couguar a été confiné aux États de l'ouest des États-Unis depuis presque un siècle[40]. Il ne subsisterait qu’une cinquantaine d'individus[35]. [139] The nineteenth century naturalists Félix de Azara[140] and William Henry Hudson[141] thought that attacks on people, even children or sleeping adults, did not happen. While large, it is not always the apex predator in its range, yielding prey it has killed to jaguars, American black bears, grizzly bears, American alligators (Florida panther predation mainly), and to groups of gray wolves or coyotes. Despite prohibitory signs, coatis are hand-fed by tourists in the park, causing unnatural approximation between cougars and humans. Photos, Artistes, Livres, Films, Voyages, Wallpapers, Fonds d'écran, Voir les 2 fonds d’écran bébé Puma / See the 2 Puma baby wallpapers. Dans les zones tropicales, le puma est plus petit que dans les zones tempérées de son aire de répartition et chasse un plus grand nombre d'espèces, qui sont également de plus petite taille[23]. Beaucoup de ces félins meurent percutés par des automobiles ou des camions (voir roadkill). Throughout its range its primary prey is hoofed mammals (ungulates, especially deer) larger than itself. Prévenez-moi de tous les nouveaux commentaires par e-mail. Un autre a également été observé au printemps 2007 dans le Parc de la Gatineau, dans l'Outaouais[30]. Le terme « couguar » [kuga:ʀ] est orthographié de diverses manières (« couguard » et parfois « cougouar », qui se prononce [kugua:ʀ][62]) au cours du XVIIIe siècle. Learned, individual prey recognition was observed, as some cougars rarely killed bighorn sheep, while others relied heavily on the species. Six subspecies of Puma concolor are recognized by most classifications. Each additional puma on the landscape increased predation and human-puma complaints by 5%, but each additional animal killed on the landscape during the previous year increased complaints by 50%.

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